The Solar system
In space you can find a lot of quaint places with abnormal high or low temperature. Or meet the largest meteorite, asteroid, the massive comet, the highest mountain, the Grand canyon and much more. On space records in the Solar system in this article and will be discussed.
Planet with maximum surface temperature
The highest temperature that was recorded on Solar system planets — 464 °C on the planet Venus . Due to the very thick atmosphere it holds heat from the sun and at night the temperature is almost constant day and night. Slightly lower was the recorded temperature on the planet mercury — 430 °C.
The lowest recorded temperature on the surface of the body
The largest planet
The largest planet in the Solar system — Jupiter . The diameter of our planet is almost 11 times, and the mass of the earth is approximately more than 317 times. It is a gas giant. which contains more matter than all other planets, their satellites, comets and asteroids combined.
The largest satellite of the planet
As expected, the largest planet has the largest moon — Ganymede . The diameter of 5262 kilometers. It’s more of the planet mercury. If he is not revolved around Jupiter, and voruganti, we would treat objects of planetary type.
The highest mountain
Mount Olympus on Mars is the highest mountain in the Solar system. Has a height of slightly more than 27 kilometres and the base diameter of 550 kilometers. This is truly a Supreme natural creation. For comparison: on Earth, mount Everest is only 8.8 km above sea level. After mount Olympus in second place in the Solar system Venus is the Maxwell mountains, which have a maximum height of 11 kilometers.
The Grand canyon
Another record was set in the planet Mars is the largest canyon in the Solar system, which is located in the valleys of the Mariner. Has a maximum width of 600 kilometers, a depth of 7 km and stretches over 3800 miles. For better comparison, imagine if that canyon was in Europe, it would reach from Paris to the Urals!
The biggest crater
Our natural satellite of the Earth, Moon, has another record of the solar system is the largest crater Aitken, which is located at the South pole of the moon. Its diameter is 2500 km. A very old impact crater origin. Until the 1960s astronomers doubted the existence of this crater at all. In 1994 the spacecraft “Clementine” performed detailed mapping of the lunar surface, and found that this crater is about 10 kilometers below the surrounding plateau.
The biggest meteorite
The largest found meteorite weighs just over 65 tons. This iron meteorite was found in Namibia in 1920 and is still there. Its length is 3 meters. It was originally somewhat larger, but no “spares”.
The largest meteor shower
Closest to the Earth the comet
In 1770 Lexile the comet approached the Earth at a distance approximately equal to 2.2 million kilometers. This comet is named in honor of Andrew Lexile, astronomer-observer, who specialized in comet and calculated its orbit. Since that time, the comet was never seen again. Assume that due to the convergence with Jupiter, its trajectory has shifted and she flew out of the Solar system.