The history of cosmonautics
In the West a book about the mysteries of space successes of the USSR: the screams of the dying astronaut and Khrushchev dancing on the table
In the book it is reported that the last words of Komarov in Soyuz, as well as his talks with the Earth “overheard” some analyst of U.S. National security. According to the authors of the book, knew about the unreliability of the ship and the astronauts, signed to fly – the father of two children Komarov and Gagarin (Yuri was assigned as backup). When you return to the ground did not deploy parachute descent, and the engines when hitting the ground exploded. The tragedy occurred near Orenburg.
American intelligence intercepted the last words of Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov, when on 24 April 1967 he raced to the surface and certain death on accident victim “the Union-1”. These were the shouts and curses against “the people who put him in carelessly made spacecraft,” say the authors of a new book that will be released in the UK in April – just in time for the 50-year anniversary of the first manned flight into space.
Jamie Doran and piers of Bizani promise to tell the truth about what price the USSR had achieved its resounding success in the exploration of space. Judging by the articles about the book in the London papers, it will be disclosed the details that have been carefully hidden from the West.
Readers also are going to amuse with stories about the eccentric antics of one of the then Soviet leaders, Nikita Khrushchev, to evoke pity for the first time in the history of mankind cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who “suffered from alcoholism”, and shocking Photos of the charred remains of Vladimir Komarov.
In the book titled “Star man: the truth behind the legend of Yuri Gagarin” (Starman, The Truth Behind the Legend of Yuri Gagarin) it is reported that the last words of Komarov in Soyuz, as well as his talks with the Earth “overheard” some analyst of U.S. National security presented by the authors as Perry Fellwock. In the days of the fatal flight of the first Soviet spacecraft he was on the American station radiophonia in Turkey, writes The Daily Mail referenced by InoPressa.
With reference to Felouka the authors write that during one of the intercepted communication sessions with mission control Center, with Komarov spoke personally to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Alexei Kosygin. In the recording, according to the employee of the American special services, can hear Kosygin is crying and says to the doomed astronaut that he is a hero.
Doran and Bizony report that the unreliability of “Soyuz-1” was known long before the flight the design was over 200 faults, but nobody dared to report them to Leonid Brezhnev, who led in those years of the CPSU, “for fear of being reduced, dismissed or sent on “diplomatic exile” in Siberia”. According to the authors of the book, knew about the unreliability of the ship and the astronauts, signed to fly – the father of two children Komarov and Gagarin (Yuri was assigned as backup).
The book explains that a few weeks before the start of Mosquito met demoted KGB officer Benjamin Musaevym and said to him: “From this flight I’m not going back”. Rusev when asked why he refuses to fly, he replied that in case of its failure will send back-up. “This is George, and he’ll die instead of me. We have to keep,” said cosmonaut and wept.
The flight was eventually implemented on schedule. It was planned that this would be a triumph of Soviet cosmonauts to mark the 50th anniversary of the Communist revolution, tells the newspaper. As originally planned, “the Union-1” of Mosquitoes was supposed to reach orbit, the next day was to fly a second spacecraft with two other astronauts. The ships were supposed to meet and dock, and the Mosquitoes to move from one to the other and return home on the second ship.
April 23, 1967 “Union-1” was launched, and soon started the problem. The start of another ship, on the following day, was canceled, and the Mosquitoes have lost hope for a safe return. When you return to the ground did not deploy parachute descent, and the engines when hitting the ground exploded. The tragedy occurred near Orenburg.
British authors write, referring to the ex-KGB agent Ruzaeva that among the ashes, and the ashes on the site of the explosion actually only found a heel bone of a dead astronaut, the rest was a shapeless charred remains. However, in spite of a terrible reality, during the solemn funeral state level, the coffin was opened, and its shocking content captured on black-and-white photographs.
About the upcoming book and writes newspaper the Independent, however, the reviewer draws attention to very different things. “I especially liked the reports of how every time the Soviet space program (under the guidance of a mysterious Soviet scientist Sergei Korolev) has made another breakthrough, Khrushchev danced on the table, pouring the vodka and sang songs about the victory of socialism,” writes the journalist.
It is also intriguing for future readers of the book stories about “experimental” the people in the name of space successes were subjected to some horrific experiments to find out which overload dangerous for the real astronauts. Only in 1960-e years were more than a thousand of such “experimental”, half of whom did not survive to the 1990s, the author writes.
In another shocking stories she chose from the book the story of the disaster at Baikonur in October 1960 for a few minutes before the first test launch of the first two-stage Intercontinental ballistic missile R-16. “A complete fiasco, which killed nearly 200 people”, “disaster kept hidden from the West 30 years,” the newspaper said.
After reviewing the contents of the book, the journalist concludes that Yuri Gagarin – the Soviet young guy after the first in the history of mankind flight into space fell the burden of fame, could be lost because of overconfidence. Perhaps because of problems with alcohol, perhaps because of self-importance, Gagarin was chosen to carry dizzying pirouettes not closer to the Earth and beyond the stratosphere, while at the age of 34 years died at the moment, trying to impress the pilots-in-training, she writes.