jupiter

Solar system

The origin of the solar system

The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .

Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.

Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.

The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available. Continue reading

Gravity puzzle, or how space ships can cover vast distances in the Universe

It turns out that people have learned to make interstellar travel over huge distances. Previously it was thought that use gravity for space jump can only sverhrazdutoe of civilization, as fuel is always limited — it is impossible to bring as much as you want. However, science has leaped forward. Not everyone knows about what happened is a real space revolution.

This principle, the flights with the help of gravity, demonstrated in the sensational film “interstellar”. Read more about this amazing phenomenon tells Kip Thorne, a theoretical physicist, consultant to the film (he invented everything that has to do with science) and the author of the book “interstellar. The science behind the scenes” .

The view from the ship, performing a gravitational slingshot

Though Director Christopher Nolan decided not to show the gravitational slingshot (maneuvers, which we describe below) in “interstellar” Kip Thorne was curious, as if they saw Cooper, the main character, piloting the “Ranger” to the planet Miller. So he is using his equations, modeled images for a camera that would Record with the Ranger, making the maneuver around the black hole before landing on planet Miller. Continue reading

Discovered the largest known planets

The biggest of all open still planets astronomers found in the constellation of Hercules.

Space body, named TrES-4, is drawn around the star GSC02620-00648, remote from the Earth at a distance of 1435 light-years. A new extrasolar planet about 70% larger size than Jupiter, but has a much smaller mass, which indicates its extremely low density. In addition, the object is deleted only 7 million kilometers from its star, making its surface extremely hot, over 1300 degrees Celsius.

Around its star turns the planet every 3.55 days, you one earth week to two years, listed on TrES-4. Because of the relatively weak gravity TrES-4, probably permanently loses a part of the upper layer of its atmosphere, which stretches behind the planet in the form of a curved tail resembling a comet.

“This is the largest of all known exoplanets, says lead researcher George Mandushev from the Lowell Observatory. It is so large that using existing scientific models to superhot giant planets its size is quite difficult to describe. Continue reading

Changes in the Solar system
The solar system is entering a new era From the sun to the Earth Let's start with the Sun. According to astrophysicists, since 1901 the intensity of the magnetic field…

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Started the experiment to simulate a flight to Mars
At the Institute of biomedical problems started the experiment on simulation of a manned flight to Mars in the framework of the international project "Mars-500". The participants, six people will…

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