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Comet

Comets fascinate the human mind since ancient people first noticed the white tail streaking through the night starry sky. We remember the date when the comet flies past the Earth once a century or even less often and remember all our lives. In the middle ages in Europe, the appearance of comets was often linked to various natural disasters and diseases. In religion, these heavenly bodies also play an important role. For example, in the New Testament, the comet heralded the birth of Christ.

Astronomers find comets also interesting and fascinating space objects, because they are witnesses of great historical events and even carry evidence of them.

The comet is a relatively small object in our solar system, usually having a diameter of several kilometers. Sometimes called “dirty snowballs” because of their component substances. Usually comets are composed of the following four elements:

Dust

Ice (water, ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide)

Some organic materials (e.g., resin)

Rocky ground (optional) Continue reading

Around the Solar system

Top 5 for the day

Automatic interplanetary scouts NASA, the European space Agency and others currently collecting information about our Solar system. Right now the spacecraft are in orbits of Sun, mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, and Saturn, flying to other small space objects.

Thanks to the astronauts and to all automatic mechanical scouts in space, we have the opportunity to see “family” Photos of our Solar system.

Recover in the journey.

For a start look at our Earth. It looks like Moscow, when the ISS passes over the territory of Ukraine, February 2, 2015. Scientific evidence indicates that Earth formed from the solar nebula about of 4.54 billion years ago. Presumably life appeared on Earth about 3.9 billion years ago, i.e. during the first billion after its occurrence.

So it looks from space, the Salt flat of Uyuni — dried salt lake in the South of the desert plain Altiplano, Bolivia at an altitude of about 3 650 m above sea level. The inner part is covered with a layer of salt thickness 2-8 m During the rainy season salt marsh covered with a thin layer of water and turns into the world’s largest mirror surface. Continue reading

Astronomy picture of the day

Frequently asked questions about the Solar system

How many planets in our solar system?

Our solar system consists of nine planets and one star – the Sun. We list the planets in order of distance from the Sun is mercury. Venus. Earth. Mars. Jupiter. Saturn. Uranium. Neptune and Pluto. In order to remember which planet is farther from the Sun, and what is closer to him (the order of the planets) often use the English mnemonic: M y V ery E ducated M other J ust S erved U s N ine P izzas. If You have Russian analogue of such a mnemonic, then we are happy to publish it, putting in the authorship.

3. What is the shape of the Solar system?

The planets, asteroids and comets in the Solar System are loose particles left over from the formation of the Sun. Originally the gas and dust which would become the Sun was the core of a cloud much larger than the Solar System, probably several light years across; where 1 light year is equal to approximately 10,000,000,000,000 kilometers (or 6 trillion miles). Continue reading

Perm planetarium
Space gives us presents! Great Christmas gift for fans of astronomy this winter. Comet Catalina (C /2020 US 10) flies to the Ground. Most of 2015, she traveled across the…

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History of Russian Soviet cosmonautics
You can participate in the preparation of materials on space! According to the data sent to earth orbiting space telescope GALEX, astronomers have made the image of the Veil nebula…

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