Jupiter thousands of years ago named after the king of Roman gods, and reigns among the nine planets of our Solar system, rivaling the Sun in its splendor. The largest planet is located far beyond the main asteroid belt. The mass of Jupiter exceeds the mass of all other planets combined.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar system. The semimajor axis of Jupiter’s orbit is 5.2.e. the eccentricity of the orbit e = 0,0489, the period orbits – 11,867 years. The inclination of the orbital plane to the plane of the Ecliptic is 1°1817″. The average speed along the orbit – about 13.1 km/s.
The period of rotation around the axis is 9 hours and 55 minutes. Each dot on the equator moves at a speed of 45 thousand miles per hour. Due to the centrifugal force of Jupiter is noticeably flattened (compression rate greater than 6 %). Since Jupiter is not a solid ball, and consists of gas and liquid, the Equatorial parts rotate faster than the polar regions. The rotation axis of Jupiter is nearly perpendicular to its orbit, therefore, the planet has no seasons.
The mass of the planet is M = 318 M = 1,9∙10 27 kg, radius R = 11,2 R = 71 492 km, However, Jupiter is very thin: its density is 1.33 g/cm 3. which is four times less than the density of the Earth. The acceleration of gravity at the level of the cloud surface of Jupiter sostavljaet = 2,53 g. Continue reading
Review of the mission ExoMars-2016
March 14, 2020 the Russian and European space agencies signed an agreement that turned a large-scale European program for the exploration of Mars in a joint project. The program is divided into two stages, the implementation of which is planned for 2016 and 2018. The approach of the first date gives reason to discuss in detail the mission “ExoMars-2016” (ExoMars 2016).
For the first phase of the mission “Eczemas” are mainly responsible of the European space Agency. Russia will provide launch vehicle “proton-M” to launch spacecraft and some scientific instrumentation. Like many automatic stations, “ExoMars-2016” will consist of two blocks, orbital and ground. Is called the orbital module TGO Trace Gas Orbiter, a Satellite to monitor gases. The lander, known as EDM (Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module the demonstrator inputs, approach and landing), was named in honor of the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli. Continue reading
Halley’s comet is the only short-period comet that is clearly visible to the naked eye
Halley’s comet is the most popular of comets. It rotates around the Sun with a period of 74 to 79 years in highly elliptical orbit. During the appearance of the comet in 1835 with the help of spectral analysis it was found that the composition of cometary atmospheres observed molecular bands of CYANOGEN, carbon monoxide and other compounds. So quickly spread rumors about poisoning the earth’s atmosphere hazardous to human health toxic cometary gases.
As predicted by astronomers, may 19, 1910 the Earth “collided” with the tail of Halley’s comet. However, even the most sensitive instruments have not detected any unusual phenomena in the Earth’s atmosphere, which could uniquely associate with this event. So the wave of fear that swept through many countries in may 1910, had under itself no soil.
After passing through the tail of Halley’s comet, the Earth appeared as a kind of probe. It should be noted that the Earth has been repeatedly passed through the tails of comets, and the effect was always the same – no influence on processes in the earth’s atmosphere substance of different tails of comets were not provided. Continue reading