Russian space systems holding (RCS, part of the Roscosmos state Corporation) continues to publish unique historical documents from 1972 that reveal previously unknown details of the history of space exploration.
This “Russian Spring” reported in a press-service of the holding company “Russian space systems”.
Today, the company’s website published an electronic version of the 1972 document “radio Engineering complex of the automatic station” Luna-17 ” and ” Lunokhod-1 “(object E8 # 203)”, which discusses various aspects of the operation of the automatic station “Luna-17” and “Lunokhod-1”.
The document allows you to evaluate how the work was done on the errors that made it possible to conduct the next lunar mission almost perfectly.
Prepared more than 60 years ago by Soviet engineers, the document contains detailed information about the operation of onboard transmitters, antenna systems, telemetry systems, photographic equipment and small-frame television system of the lunar Rover, which became the “eyes” of its “drivers” on Earth.
In addition to its historical significance, the document is of interest from the point of view of understanding approaches to processing information obtained when using devices in real conditions. Continue reading
While it “calculated” on the computer
In 2006, the Solar system lost one of the nine planets — Pluto stripped of planet status due to negligible size. But the discovery of American scientists threatens to return the ninth planet in the system — found a new celestial body, claiming the title.
The staff of the California Institute of technology Michael brown and Konstantin Batygin has published a paper in the reputable scientific journal “Astronomical journal” about his study, in which they “discovered” a new planet in the Solar system.
Celestial body has a mass of 5-10 times larger than our planet, and is about 20 times farther from Earth than Neptune. Despite the fact that Neptune is the most distant planet, until it 4300 million kilometers. Accordingly, before “the ninth planet” – about 8600 million. The problem is that open planet. while no one was looking through a telescope, it was discovered through computer simulation. However, the accuracy of such simulations is very high today. Continue reading
Unlikely in 1930, when the world learned of the existence of Pluto, someone could believe that someday people will be able to find there their last resting place. However, this can happen very soon. NASA space ship with the remains of Clyde Tombaugh, discoverer of Pluto, had almost reached the destination. The journey of the ship lasts for more than 9 years. Soon NASA promises to publish the first pictures from the distant dwarf planet, the study of which may help answer many questions about the origin of the entire Solar system.
kosmicheskiy the NASA New Horizons spacecraft has begun to explore Pluto. The aircraft approached the icy dwarf so much that this week the staff of the American space Agency promise to show him the first Pictures. The input apparatus into the atmosphere of the dwarf planet is scheduled for July 2015.
Note that the distance to Pluto is 30 times more than from the earth to the Sun, and the spacecraft New Horizons was launched back in early 2006. On his way the machine New Horizons flew past Jupiter and Saturn, in the literal sense, rebounding from their orbits, which gave the ship a significant acceleration. Up to this point most distant mission was considered an American Kosmicheskaya flight of Voyager, which in 1980 had reached Saturn. Continue reading