Alexander Laveikin: “Flights must go on”
In Moscow memorial Museum of cosmonautics in full swing preparing for the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s flight. Open exhibitions, meetings with foreign delegations, conducted educational activities in schools. Deputy Director of the Museum of science, pilot-cosmonaut A. I. Laveikin took the time to answer the questions of the correspondent of the Russian geographical society.
– In Russia, 2011 was declared the year of cosmonautics. Half a century since Yuri Gagarin’s flight, many have given our country in terms of space exploration. Should we expect the same from the next fifty years?
Depends on what kind of development is involved. There are manned and unmanned space exploration. Unmanned space exploration – satellites, navigation, natural resources, meteorology, Photography of the Earth and the Universe. Today all this is extremely in demand and popular, so the direction will develop by leaps and bounds. As for manned space flight – here the question is more complicated. Continue reading
It is now solved a question of principle: who will be the host space for the next two decades. Half a century, when humanity is poked in the Earth’s vicinity, still not fully understanding why (except that to get ahead of a competitor), has ended. And money in space dumped a lot. The project “Apollo” with six successful expeditions to the moon cost the us Treasury $ 25 billion (in prices of the 70-ies of XX century). And each launch of the Shuttle – under $ 500 million.
The Soviet Union was worth 2.5 billion rubles was never carried out lunar program (and it is in those years when a good wage was considered to be 90 rubles per month). More than 16 billion rubles were thrown into the system “Energy – Buran” Soviet Shuttle flew only once.
Yeah, from the projects was giving. All of these filters, Velcro and scanners, developed for the space and will be useful on Earth… But now we are talking about strategy.
ISS – the day before yesterday
The same strategy that the space powers (Russia and the USA joined China. India. Japan and the EU ) now consider the money very well and meticulously thought through perspectives. Continue reading
Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko are two comets stuck together
The researchers of the mission “Rosetta” said the comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko acquired its form as a result of collision at a low speed of two different comets in the early development of the Solar system.
A team of researchers under the leadership of astrophysics Massironi Matteo (Matteo Massironi) from the University of Padova (Italy) look at the Photos of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, taken in high resolution in the period between 6 August 2014 and 17 March 2015, it Became evident that the comet was formed as a result of collision of two different bodies, flying at low speed. The results of the ESA study says .
Recall, the first images of the comet from close range, the probe “Rosetta” in July 2014 showed that the object consists of two “blocks” of different sizes. and resembles the shape of a rubber duck. Scientists examined two hypotheses: the first is that the cosmic body had acquired such an unusual form as a result of a collision between two comets, and another stated that the “neck” of the comet formed in the process of natural erosion of rocks that make up the object. Now, however, the researchers got convincing evidence in favor of the first. Continue reading