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Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko are two comets stuck together

The researchers of the mission “Rosetta” said the comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko acquired its form as a result of collision at a low speed of two different comets in the early development of the Solar system.

A team of researchers under the leadership of astrophysics Massironi Matteo (Matteo Massironi) from the University of Padova (Italy) look at the Photos of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, taken in high resolution in the period between 6 August 2014 and 17 March 2015, it Became evident that the comet was formed as a result of collision of two different bodies, flying at low speed. The results of the ESA study says .

Recall, the first images of the comet from close range, the probe “Rosetta” in July 2014 showed that the object consists of two “blocks” of different sizes. and resembles the shape of a rubber duck. Scientists examined two hypotheses: the first is that the cosmic body had acquired such an unusual form as a result of a collision between two comets, and another stated that the “neck” of the comet formed in the process of natural erosion of rocks that make up the object. Now, however, the researchers got convincing evidence in favor of the first. Continue reading

Gravity puzzle, or how space ships can cover vast distances in the Universe

It turns out that people have learned to make interstellar travel over huge distances. Previously it was thought that use gravity for space jump can only sverhrazdutoe of civilization, as fuel is always limited — it is impossible to bring as much as you want. However, science has leaped forward. Not everyone knows about what happened is a real space revolution.

This principle, the flights with the help of gravity, demonstrated in the sensational film “interstellar”. Read more about this amazing phenomenon tells Kip Thorne, a theoretical physicist, consultant to the film (he invented everything that has to do with science) and the author of the book “interstellar. The science behind the scenes” .

The view from the ship, performing a gravitational slingshot

Though Director Christopher Nolan decided not to show the gravitational slingshot (maneuvers, which we describe below) in “interstellar” Kip Thorne was curious, as if they saw Cooper, the main character, piloting the “Ranger” to the planet Miller. So he is using his equations, modeled images for a camera that would Record with the Ranger, making the maneuver around the black hole before landing on planet Miller. Continue reading

Comet

Comets are Solar system bodies having the form of vague objects, usually with pale clot kernel in the center and tail. They are among the most beautiful celestial bodies. hazy Bright shell surrounding a core of hazy, long tail, extending sometimes to half the sky, fast motion among the stars – all this makes comet different from other heavenly bodies. The comet can be observed when a small ice body, called the nucleus of the comet is approaching the Sun at a distance that is less than 4-5.e. warmed by the sun, and it begins to stand out gases and dust that are visible as a result of their illumination by the Sun.

Gases and dust released from the nucleus, creating around him a hazy shell – atmosphere of the comet, components along with the core of the head of the comet. The atmosphere of a comet continuously dissipates in interplanetary space: under the action of radiation pressure and interaction with the solar wind gases and dust are carried away in the direction from the Sun forming the comet’s tail.

Most of the comets in the middle of the head there is a bright star-like “core”, representing the illumination of the Central, most dense zone of true gases around the comet’s nucleus. Continue reading

Flight to Mars
Review of the mission ExoMars-2016 March 14, 2020 the Russian and European space agencies signed an agreement that turned a large-scale European program for the exploration of Mars in a…

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The order of the planets
Not so long ago such a statement would cause an uproar in any self-respecting astrophysicist and most likely, it ended in the usual enumeration of the several variants of the…

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