core

Solar system

The origin of the solar system

The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .

Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.

Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.

The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available. Continue reading

Gravity puzzle, or how space ships can cover vast distances in the Universe

It turns out that people have learned to make interstellar travel over huge distances. Previously it was thought that use gravity for space jump can only sverhrazdutoe of civilization, as fuel is always limited — it is impossible to bring as much as you want. However, science has leaped forward. Not everyone knows about what happened is a real space revolution.

This principle, the flights with the help of gravity, demonstrated in the sensational film “interstellar”. Read more about this amazing phenomenon tells Kip Thorne, a theoretical physicist, consultant to the film (he invented everything that has to do with science) and the author of the book “interstellar. The science behind the scenes” .

The view from the ship, performing a gravitational slingshot

Though Director Christopher Nolan decided not to show the gravitational slingshot (maneuvers, which we describe below) in “interstellar” Kip Thorne was curious, as if they saw Cooper, the main character, piloting the “Ranger” to the planet Miller. So he is using his equations, modeled images for a camera that would Record with the Ranger, making the maneuver around the black hole before landing on planet Miller. Continue reading

Comet

Comets are Solar system bodies having the form of vague objects, usually with pale clot kernel in the center and tail. They are among the most beautiful celestial bodies. hazy Bright shell surrounding a core of hazy, long tail, extending sometimes to half the sky, fast motion among the stars – all this makes comet different from other heavenly bodies. The comet can be observed when a small ice body, called the nucleus of the comet is approaching the Sun at a distance that is less than 4-5.e. warmed by the sun, and it begins to stand out gases and dust that are visible as a result of their illumination by the Sun.

Gases and dust released from the nucleus, creating around him a hazy shell – atmosphere of the comet, components along with the core of the head of the comet. The atmosphere of a comet continuously dissipates in interplanetary space: under the action of radiation pressure and interaction with the solar wind gases and dust are carried away in the direction from the Sun forming the comet’s tail.

Most of the comets in the middle of the head there is a bright star-like “core”, representing the illumination of the Central, most dense zone of true gases around the comet’s nucleus. Continue reading

Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko are two comets stuck together The researchers of the mission "Rosetta" said the comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko acquired its form as a result of collision at a low speed…

Continue reading →

NASA has selected six volunteers for an experiment to simulate a flight to Mars
A scene from the upcoming film “the Martian”. In the United States selected an international team of scientists from six volunteers to participate in a new experiment simulating conditions on…

Continue reading →