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Perm planetarium

Space gives us presents!

Great Christmas gift for fans of astronomy this winter. Comet Catalina (C /2020 US 10) flies to the Ground. Most of 2015, she traveled across the sky of the southern hemisphere of the Earth. November 20 just a few seconds it appeared on the sky of the Northern hemisphere. Watch it at the end of November, it was incredibly difficult. The comet only appeared in the wee hours very close to the horizon. All who are engaged in astronomical observations, you know how difficult it is to see such an object in the starry sky. However, every day the conditions of observation of comets improve. Every night of the comet increases the height of the lift above the horizon by 1 degree, which is two visible diameter of the moon. New year’s eve the comet will appear just after midnight and is visible until dawn. And from mid-January, after the “old New year”, the comet will be visible all the dark.

October 3, 2015, the comet was in the constellation of Centaurus. Photo: Martin Mobberley

For the last time this is the most brilliant and unpredictable comet that visited our Solar system. Comet Catalina came to us from the Oort cloud. Scientists believe that the Oort cloud is formed from comets and the remnants of “construction debris” thrown from Solnechnoye when it was created. Continue reading

Changes in the Solar system

The solar system is entering a new era

From the sun to the Earth

Let’s start with the Sun. According to astrophysicists, since 1901 the intensity of the magnetic field lights grew by 230 percent. Recently, media reported about a powerful polar auroras in areas where such phenomena are usually not observed.

By the way, remember that the impact of magnetic storms on human health are talking fifteen or twenty years ago, no more. Maybe the impact just wasn’t so noticeable…

On mercury were discovered in polar ice and a powerful magnetic field. On Venus in less than 40 years on two and a half thousand per cent increase in the brightness of the Aurora. Also, there have been significant global changes of the atmosphere. Over the past decade more than 200 per cent increase in the brightness of the cloud of plasma surrounding Jupiter.

On Saturn for the last 30 years there has been a significant decrease in the rate in the Equatorial flows. In addition, increased x-ray radiation coming from the planet’s equator. Continue reading

Comet

Comets fascinate the human mind since ancient people first noticed the white tail streaking through the night starry sky. We remember the date when the comet flies past the Earth once a century or even less often and remember all our lives. In the middle ages in Europe, the appearance of comets was often linked to various natural disasters and diseases. In religion, these heavenly bodies also play an important role. For example, in the New Testament, the comet heralded the birth of Christ.

Astronomers find comets also interesting and fascinating space objects, because they are witnesses of great historical events and even carry evidence of them.

The comet is a relatively small object in our solar system, usually having a diameter of several kilometers. Sometimes called “dirty snowballs” because of their component substances. Usually comets are composed of the following four elements:

Dust

Ice (water, ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide)

Some organic materials (e.g., resin)

Rocky ground (optional) Continue reading

Started the experiment to simulate a flight to Mars
At the Institute of biomedical problems started the experiment on simulation of a manned flight to Mars in the framework of the international project "Mars-500". The participants, six people will…

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Comets of the centuries
In the fall of 2020, after Amateur astronomers Vitaly Nevsky and Artem Novichonok first observed the comet ISON, astronomers had expected that she would become a "Great comet" − a…

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