bodies

Comet

Comets fascinate the human mind since ancient people first noticed the white tail streaking through the night starry sky. We remember the date when the comet flies past the Earth once a century or even less often and remember all our lives. In the middle ages in Europe, the appearance of comets was often linked to various natural disasters and diseases. In religion, these heavenly bodies also play an important role. For example, in the New Testament, the comet heralded the birth of Christ.

Astronomers find comets also interesting and fascinating space objects, because they are witnesses of great historical events and even carry evidence of them.

The comet is a relatively small object in our solar system, usually having a diameter of several kilometers. Sometimes called “dirty snowballs” because of their component substances. Usually comets are composed of the following four elements:

Dust

Ice (water, ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide)

Some organic materials (e.g., resin)

Rocky ground (optional) Continue reading

What the comet was approaching the Earth

Events

A small comet Hartley 2 will be visible from Earth with the naked eye, on 20 October, when she will fly past the planet just 11 million kilometers. Over the last century, this will be the closest “contact” of our planet with a comet.

Hartley-2 was discovered in 1986. Its orbital path was far from the Earth, while the couple spins around Jupiter do not orbit drew closer.

Hartley-2 will be included in the number of comets that passed in the last century is quite close to the Earth.

Comet McNaught (McNaught) lit up the sky in 2007. Becoming the brightest comet in over forty years, McNaught was dubbed the great comet of 2007. The astronauts were able to observe this comet, resulting in Strait light on the composition of these celestial bodies. spacecraft Willis found here the decrease of the solar wind.

The comet’s discoverer, Australian astronomer Robert McNaught (Robert McNaught) was discovered in 2009 a new bright comet McNaught C/2009 R1 . flying past Earth in June of this year. Continue reading

Planet in February 2016

In February, continuing a run of parade of the five planets – mercury, Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter lined up in the morning sky. In early February, their background will be the sickle of the waning moon, and by the middle of month two of the five planets will become unavailable for visual observations of mercury and Venus, disappearing into the rays of the rising Sun. Jupiter is in its best appearances in 2016. Uranus and Neptune gradually complete its visibility in the evening sky. The sun moves through the constellation of Capricorn, February 15, passing in the constellation of Aquarius.

The moon will come together with these planets: 1 February when the lunar phase is from 0.5 to Mars, on 4 February when the lunar phase 0.2 to Saturn, on 6 February when the lunar phase is 0.08 – Venus and mercury, 10 February when the lunar phase 0,03 – with Neptune, on 13 February when the lunar phase 0.25 and with Uranus, on 24 February when the lunar phase 0,97 – with Jupiter. For observations it is better to choose nights when the Moon is near the full phase passes close to the observed planet. Continue reading

What engine will go to the stars?
I must say that the problem of space distances increasingly asserting itself. Chemical rockets on its effectiveness has exhausted itself for the future. Even the nearest planets of the Solar…

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Perm planetarium
Space gives us presents! Great Christmas gift for fans of astronomy this winter. Comet Catalina (C /2020 US 10) flies to the Ground. Most of 2015, she traveled across the…

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