The history of cosmonautics

Space is an inexhaustible source of discoveries. And yet thanks to technological advances, which began 400 years ago with the use of the telescope by Galileo, we know quite a lot about the Universe. Studying various forms of cosmic radiation, astronomers have discovered black holes, other planetary systems and even “glow bubbles” and the Big Bang. However, they still failed to detect any signs of life beyond our planet.

February 2, 1955 the resolution of the Government of the USSR on construction of a polygon for testing Intercontinental ballistic missiles. The Baikonur cosmodrome has decided to build in Kazakhstan. Since 1957, Baikonur is the first and largest cosmodrome in the world.

October 4, 1957 our country launched the first artificial Earth satellite (Sputnik-1).He was in orbit 92 days from October 4, 1957 January 4, 1958, for this period has made 1400 revolutions around the Earth. On each revolution around the Earth took about 100 minutes. Then the satellite burned up in Earth’s atmosphere.

October 4, 1957 is considered the beginning of the space age.In honor of this event in 1964 in Moscow was built 99-meter obelisk “Conquerors of space” in the form of rockets taking off, leaving behind a trail of fire. Continue reading

The order of the planets

Not so long ago such a statement would cause an uproar in any self-respecting astrophysicist and most likely, it ended in the usual enumeration of the several variants of the origin of our Solar system. Today, however, a number of researchers not only did not reject this version and think its main. What is the reason? We will try to understand.

It all started with sightings NASA space Observatory named “Kepler”. The satellite was launched in 2009, and in 2020 due to the loss of orientation in space failed. The Observatory was equipped with incredibly sensitive Photometer and specially designed to search for exoplanets, i.e. planets outside our Solar system like Earth. The ability of the apparatus to observe more than 100,000 stars at the same time very quickly gave the opportunity for scientists to get incredible data about other Solar systems.

In early 2010 the Observatory was discovered planetary system Kepler-33. The star Kepler-33, located in the constellation of Cygnus, was bigger than our Sun, and planets revolving around it, was very close to the parent star. Continue reading

History of Russian Soviet cosmonautics

You can participate in the preparation of materials on space!

According to the data sent to earth orbiting space telescope GALEX, astronomers have made the image of the Veil nebula in the ultraviolet range. The Veil nebula (W78, Sharpless 103), which is also known as the Loop nebula or nebula Fishing net, is a diffuse nebula in the constellation of Cygnus. Was opened on 5 September 1784 by astronomer William Herschel. Previously, astronomers believed that this huge and relatively faint supernova remnant that exploded about 5,000 to 8,000 years ago, is at a distance of about 2500 light years from Earth, however, studies that fulfilled the space telescope “Hubble”, showed that the nebula is much closer – at a distance of 1470 light years. However, it extends for a distance of about 90 light-years, taking in the sky region of 3 degrees. Astronomers have smashed the nebula into four parts: separation – nebula “witch’s broom” (NGC 6960). South-West side of the Pickering’s Triangle (NGC 6979), East side (NGC 6992), which represents the fibrous structure of the nebula and the North side (NGC 6995).

Astronomers have discovered in the nearby galaxy M95 supernova. The discovery was made on March 16, 2014, when astronomers, both professionals and Amateurs, noted a bright spot on the outskirts of a spiral galaxy with a jumper M95 (NGC 3351), which is at a distance of 38 million light-years away in the constellation of Leo. Continue reading

The order of the planets
Not so long ago such a statement would cause an uproar in any self-respecting astrophysicist and most likely, it ended in the usual enumeration of the several variants of the…

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In Moscow ended the first flight to Mars is a Young Innovative Russia
In the Institute of biomedical problems of RAS completed an experiment "Mars 500" simulation of a flight to Mars. A crew of six people for 520 days spent in the…

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