History of Russian Soviet cosmonautics
You can participate in the preparation of materials on space!
According to the data sent to earth orbiting space telescope GALEX, astronomers have made the image of the Veil nebula in the ultraviolet range. The Veil nebula (W78, Sharpless 103), which is also known as the Loop nebula or nebula Fishing net, is a diffuse nebula in the constellation of Cygnus. Was opened on 5 September 1784 by astronomer William Herschel. Previously, astronomers believed that this huge and relatively faint supernova remnant that exploded about 5,000 to 8,000 years ago, is at a distance of about 2500 light years from Earth, however, studies that fulfilled the space telescope “Hubble”, showed that the nebula is much closer – at a distance of 1470 light years. However, it extends for a distance of about 90 light-years, taking in the sky region of 3 degrees. Astronomers have smashed the nebula into four parts: separation – nebula “witch’s broom” (NGC 6960). South-West side of the Pickering’s Triangle (NGC 6979), East side (NGC 6992), which represents the fibrous structure of the nebula and the North side (NGC 6995).
Astronomers have discovered in the nearby galaxy M95 supernova. The discovery was made on March 16, 2014, when astronomers, both professionals and Amateurs, noted a bright spot on the outskirts of a spiral galaxy with a jumper M95 (NGC 3351), which is at a distance of 38 million light-years away in the constellation of Leo. Supernova, which was designated as SN 2020aw, was one of the closest stellar deaths that you could see the astronomers. Despite the fact that astronomers often discover a supernova, most of them are pretty far away. The proximity of the galaxy, M95 allowed to photograph the star that became SN 2020aw directly in front of the flash. This will allow experts to study the earliest stages of a supernova, and perhaps even help to understand what is happening with the star in the first hours of the explosion.
According to Viktor Khartov, General Director and General designer of NPO Lavochkin, the mission “Phobos-Grunt” should be repeated, news agencies reported. According to Victor Khartov in 2018 to be very convenient astronomical window from the point of view of the position of Mars with respect to Earth. “The Russian Academy of Sciences believes that we must do a repeat mission to Phobos, and we believe that technically, the repetition in these deadlines,” he said in an interview. It is planned that at creation of a new mission to Phobos will be considered mistakes of the previous flight, and the risks will be reduced. Khartov also proposed to rename the new mission. According to him, the phone can not be called “Phobos-grunt-2”, so. it will probably be a competition for the best project name. Recall that automatic interplanetary station “Phobos-Grunt”, the first in 15 years, the Russian automatic interplanetary station, designed to deliver soil samples from the Martian satellite Phobos, was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in the night of 9 November 2011. Both stages of the carrier rocket “Zenit-2 B” worked normally, but sustainer propulsion interplanetary station has not joined and could not translate the device on a flight trajectory to Mars and, on 15 January 2020 the wreckage of that crashed into the Pacific ocean.